Carotid Endarterectomy - stroke prevention
Carotid Endarterectomy is the build of fatty wax like deposits within the carotid arteries. As you can see in the diagram, the carotid arteries are either side of the neck. The build of deposits can have the serious effect of reducing oxygen rich blood to reaching your brain.
To prevent this. Your surgeon will administer general or local aesthetic. Then an incision is made along the front of your neck, opening your carotid artery, allowing the surgeon to remove the plaque build up.
why it's done
It is recommended if you have severe narrowing of the carotid artery. There can be numerous more factors, however the Doctor will be able to evaluate your condition, and then determine if the procedure is appropriate for you.
If a carotid endarterectomy is not the best course of action. The doctor might recommend a carotid angioplasty. Where by the surgeon will thread a long hollow tube through a blood vessel until it reaches the carotid artery. a very small ballon within the tube is inflated, which opens the artery. Then a metal mesh tube often referred to as a stent is placed with in the artery to prevent narrowing again.